What are Executive Functions?

Executive function skills are the mental processes that enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and coordinate multiple tasks successfully.


These skills are crucial for learning and development. They also enable positive behaviour and allow us to make healthy and functional choices for ourselves our families and around us.


Executive functioning depends on three types of brain function: working memory, mental flexibility, and self-control. These functions are highly interrelated, and the successful application of executive function skills requires them to operate in coordination with each other.


What are the specific Executive Function skills? 

There are twelve Executive Function Skills:


1. Flexibility -  The ability to be adaptable, to improvise, and to shift approaches to demands


2. Meta-cognition -  The ability to assess one’s own actions, to self-monitor, and observe


3. Social Thinking -  The ability to understand social conditions and respond to them appropriately


4. Organisation -  The ability to use a systematic approach to achieve a goal or complete a task


5.  Planning - The ability to develop a set of strategies in order to accomplish a goal


6. Regulation of Affect -  The ability to manage one’s feelings effectively for decision making and task completion


7.  Response Inhibition - The ability to stop or delay an action rather than display impulsive behaviour


8. Goal-Directed Persistence -  The ability to persevere with tasks that require sustained effort


9. Task Initiation -  The ability to initiate a task without procrastination


10. Sustained Attention -  The ability to maintain one’s focus and attention in the presence of distractions


11. Time Management -  The ability to respond to things in a timely fashion


12. Working Memory -  The ability to remember relevant information and apply it to the task at hand

What does Executive Function Coaching look like? How does it work?

Dr Holland likes to treat every individual as exactly that...AN INDIVIDUAL. As such there is no 'one size fits all' approach. Having said that there are some basic models that will give you an idea of what to expect.


Intensive A (per week): 

  • 2 hours face to face (or Skype if preferred)
  • 2 hours of check ins (daily check-ins of 20 minutes)

Intensive B (per week):
  • 1 hour face to face (or Skype if preferred) 
  • 2 hours of check ins (daily check-ins of 20 minutes)


Intensive C (per week):
  • 1 hour face to face (or Skype if preferred)
  • 1 hour of check ins (daily check-ins of 20 minutes)

Within the face to face sessions Paul will work on specific activities and exercises so as to improve the identified executive function areas that require development. This will be followed up throughout the week via the check-ins. Check-ins will be conducted by phone, email, Skype or a preferred form of communication.

What will Coaching cost?

The basic rate for Dr Holland to work with you or your child as an Executive Function Coach starts at £70 per hour.


If you live within Zone 4 of London and under 1 hour away from Paul's office only the cost of travel is chargeable.


If you live further than 1-hour from Paul's office you will be charged at a negotiated rate.

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Executive Function Coaching for Autism Spectrum Conditions

Pilot of 6 standardized sessions

Starting September 2018

Contact me at [email protected]